What is knowledge simple words ? | Knowledge and Its Principles
- What does knowledge mean?
- What does knowledge mean?
- Knowledge is defined differently.
- What is Empiricism?
- What is rationalism theory
- Meaning of knowledge
What is knowledge simple words ?
The word knowledge is derived from the root “gya” which means “to know, understand, direct experience or light”. In short, perfect knowledge is experiencing the essence of a thing or subject in the same way. For example, if you can see water at a distance, but only find it when you are close, you can say that you have some knowledge about water.
Conversely, if we go close and see sand and not water, why is it wrong to say there is water somewhere? Knowledge is a state of mind. Knowledge is the movement generated in the mind of the knower. Many thoughts come to our minds and many beliefs buzz in our hearts. In order to have a solid understanding of human knowledge, certain necessary conditions must be postulated, such as the necessity of belief, the truth of belief, and the fact that belief has sufficient grounds for truth. According to Pluto, “the knowledge of the divine order of thought and the nature of the divine soul is true knowledge.” According to Pluto’s definition, scholars do not consider knowledge limited to experience, where many doubts, ambiguities and uncertainties are found.
1. What is knowledge simple words ? – Empiricism
John Locke is the father of this theory. According to empiricism, “Experience is the mother of knowledge.” John Locke believed from birth that a child’s mind is like a blank page on which anything can be written. When a child comes into contact with the external environment, the symbols of objects begin to be imprinted in the brain in the form of sensations. Thus, according to the empiricist theory, the content of knowledge comes from the external environment.
According to empiricist theory, our lives are acquired, not innate. All knowledge is gained through experience. Experience is considered the source of all knowledge. All this knowledge comes from an external brain or mind, not internal. Humans acquire knowledge through the senses, but in ancient forms of empiricism the intellect does not contribute to knowledge acquisition.
2. What is knowledge simple words ? – The rationalist theory
This theory was put forward by Socrates and Pluto. According to this theory, true knowledge comes from intellect. Socrates and Plato also regarded sensory knowledge as false, provisional or imaginary. Rationalist theory is also known as its founder. Rationalist theory is the second theory of the relationship between epistemological essence and origin. Certain, true and universal knowledge can only be obtained through the intellect. In other words, intellect is the ultimate proof of knowledge. We are born with intelligence, and according to this theory we can gain all kinds of knowledge from our intelligence. According to rationalist theory, knowledge is related to our birth, i.e. innate.
3. What is knowledge simple words ? – Pragmatic theory
The doctrine of pragmatism is concerned with both the intellectual center and the logic. Pragmatic theory is based entirely on experimentation. Talking about the present, pragmatism theory supports the knowledge acquisition method. According to the theory of pragmatism, the best way to gain true knowledge is through experiment or experience.
According to the theory of pragmatism, only knowledge gained from our own experience is useful to us. According to this principle, the truth or falsity of knowledge can only be verified through experimentation. From this we can see pragmatism or the theory of pragmatism.
4. What is knowledge simple words ? – The theory of sensory rationalism
This theory was also proposed by Aristotle. According to this theory, Aristotle did not accept empiricism or absolute rationalism. Aristotle, a proponent of Samaveda’s theory of rationality, believed that the potential of conscious matter is realized by reason, and therefore we possess a wide range of ideas, facts, principles and knowledge.
Both empiricism and rationalism are superstitious according to the sense-rational principle. We can use experience to gain knowledge, but experience alone cannot gain knowledge. Logic is necessary to form knowledge.
5. What is knowledge simple words ? – Yoga Theory
Patanjali was a proponent of yogic theory. This principle has great significance in the field of philosophy. According to this teaching, Maharishi Patanjali stated that one of the main characteristics of the mind is restlessness and is accompanied by ignorance, and this is the true cause of all mental and physical disorders. The main purpose of yoga is to control the restlessness of the mind, that is, to concentrate it in one place and at the same time eradicate ignorance, the root of evil.
According to the theory of yoga, the only way to control people’s impatience is to practice yoga, do some physical and mental activity in yoga and focus the mind. When a yogi reaches such a level, knowledge begins to experience the soul. In the power of yogic principles is found a motivational philosophy to walk in the moral realm.
6. What is knowledge simple words ? – Critical theory
Critical theory does not claim that any philosophical system is neither rational nor empirical. Both rationalism and empiricism are problematic systems according to critical theory. Critical theory emphasizes the importance of each event, that is, the examination of the event.